Associate Professor of Islamic Art, Architecture, and Archaeology

Said Ennahid (Ph.D., Arizona State University), archaeologist and Associate Professor at al-Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco. Ennahid’s research interests include Islamic archaeology, art, architecture, and urbanism, medieval historical geography, and cultural heritage of contemporary Islamic societies of North Africa.

Research Interests

North African and Middle Eastern Archaeology and History

City and Urban Life in Medieval North Africa

Islamic Art, Architecture, and Urbanism

Medieval Historiography and Historical Geography

Islamic Manuscript Culture and Intellectual History

French Colonial-Period Architecture and Urbanism in Morocco

Culture and Society in Contemporary North Africa


2011 Fez in World History: Selected Essays (Driss Maghraoui, co-editor), Al Akhawayn University Publications, Ifrane.

2002 Political Economy and Settlement Systems of Medieval Northern Morocco: An Archaeological-Historical Approach. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series No. S1059, Archaeopress, Oxford.

Journal Articles/Chapter in Edited Books/Encyclopedia Entries

2017 Adding a Layer. Functioning Muslim Shrines at Archaeological Sites in Northwestern Morocco, (Eric Ross, co-author). In Perspektiven der Spolienforschung 2: Zentren und Konjunkturen der Spoliierung (Centers and Variable Intensities of Spoliation), Editors: Stefan Altekamp, Carmen Marcks-Jacobs, and Peter Seiler, Berlin Studies of the Ancient World, pp. 95–132, Edition Topoi, Berlin.

2013 States, trade, and ethnicities in the Maghreb. In The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology, Editors: Peter Mitchell and Paul Lane, pp. 817-827, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

2011 Cities of the Almohad Empire. In World History Encyclopedia, Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions, 1000-1500. Editor: Alfred J. Andrea, Vol. 9, pp. 38-40, ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, CA.

2011 Information and Communication Technologies for the Preservation and Valorization of Manuscript Collections in Morocco. In The Trans-Saharan Book Trade: Manuscript Culture, Arabic Literacy and Intellectual History in Muslim Africa, Editors: Graziano Krätli and Ghislaine Lydon, Library of The Written Word, Vol. 8, The Manuscript World, Vol. 3, pp. 265-289, Brill, Leiden-Boston.

2009 “Chemical Analyses of Pottery and Clays from the Islamic City of al-Basra and Its Hinterland in Northern Morocco.”, Nancy L. Benco, M. James Blackman, Michael D. Glascock, Hector Neff, and Robert J. Speakman (co-authors). In Actas del VIII Congreso Interancional de Cerámica Medieval en el Mediterráneo (Ciudad Almagro del 27 de febrero al 3 de marzo de 2006), edited by Juan Zozaya Stabel-Hansen, Manuel Retuerce Velasco, Miguel Ángel Hervás Herrera, and Antonio De Juan García. Asociación Española de Arqueología Medieval, pp. 673-684, Vol. 2, Ciudad Real.

2007 The Archaeology of Space in Moroccan Oral Tradition: The Case of Malhun Poetry. In Quaderni di Studi Arabi, Nuova Serie, 2 (Popular Arabic Poetry and Song; Guest Editor: Clive Holes; General Editor: Giovanni Canova), pp. 71-84.

2007 An Archaeological-Urban History of Traditional Architecture in Morocco. In Proceedings of the 1st Euro-Mediterranean Regional Conference (Traditional Mediterranean Architecture: Present and Future), pp.89-91. RehabiMed Consotrium, Col.legi d'Aparelladors i Arquitectes Tècnics de Barcelona, Barcelona.

2004 “Beyond Al-Basra: Settlement Systems of Medieval Northern Morocco in Archaeological and Historical Perspective.” In Anatomy of a Medieval Islamic Town: Al-Basra, Morocco, edited by N. Benco. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series No. S1234, pp. 79-91, Archaeopress, Oxford.

2002 Access Regulation in Islamic Urbanism: The Case of Medieval Fès. The Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 119-134. Refereed journal published by Frank Cass Publishers, London.

Book Review

1999 Book review of The Archaeology of Islam by Timothy Insoll. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 1999. Published in American Antiquity 64(4):715-716.

Courses Taught

Islamic Art and Architecture (at both levels: Undergraduate/Graduate)

Islamic Civilization

History of the Arab World

History of Islamic Technology (course proposed)

North African Cities, Lewis & Clark College, Morocco Program, Spring 2011

contemporary Islamic Societies of North Africa (Summer Program Coordinator)