The demographic dividend is the window of opportunity provided by changes in the age structure of a population. It occurs because of the decline of both fertility and mortality rates. Data from the World Bank are used for descriptive statistics, regression analyzes with and without robust standard-errors, in addition to performing Granger-Causality tests. The results indicate that estimated time trends for fertility and mortality are significantly decreasing for Arab countries. Findings also indicate that the demographic dividend has occurred in the recent decade in most of Arab countries except for Egypt. This paper shows also the causal links between the dependency ratio (change in the population age structure) and the working age population, unemployment, economic development, government and private expenditures on health and education, education, and female participation in education variables.
Published as MPRA_paper_82880, MPRA, November 23, 2017
By: Tahar Harkat and Ahmed Driouchi, Institute of Economic Analysis and Prospective Studies (IEAPS), Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco
Keywords: Demographic Dividend, Arab Countries, Granger Causality.
AUI's President Ouaouicha and Princess Lalla Joumala Alaoui recently visited the University of Dallas Satish and Yasmin Gupta College of Business to mark the beginning of a new relationship. The two universities have begun to collaborate on a new international program in the hopes of educating students, and strengthening ties.
You can now apply to join a new virtual exchange program with fellow students from Egypt (The Faculty of Economics and Political Science at Cairo University), Libya (Benghazi Youth for Technology and Entrepreneurship – BYTE), Tunisia (Tunis Business School at the University of Tunis), and students from the United States (University of Michigan). This co-curricular certificate program is open to all undergraduate students. During the eight-week cross-cultural program, you and your teammates will have the opportunity to connect with experienced instructors to build the 21st Century skills required to develop and launch a social entrepreneurship project. In the process, you’ll learn to work as a team and build bridges between cultures. Join us as we find creative solutions to pressing global challenges!
For more info and to apply, visit wdi.umich.edu/m2gate
Last year, AUI's Dr. Zaynab El Bernoussi participated in the Herbert C. Kelman Seminar, an annual seminar that discusses international conflict resolution, and gave a lecture entitled "What is Dignity", which considered the role of Karama narratives during the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings in Egypt. This year's seminar will explore negotiations and conflicts as depicted in popular media during its 2017 iteration. Some of the topics that will be addressed include inequality's impact on domestic politics, U.S. / Russia relations, the impact of migration on global politics, and the intersections of Islam, democracy, and human rights. The discussions will be hosted by a series of experts, such as academics, representatives of the media, and political actors from different conflict regions. The Seminar will take place on November 13th on the Harvard University campus; it will be open to the public, though recordings will be made available to those unable to attend following the event's conclusion."