Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane - SHSS Graduate Handbook

SSE Publications

Series No Title Author Date of Publication
28 Arabic Word Root Extraction and Automatic Categorization of Arabic Web Documents Mohamed El KOURDI 2004
28 BSE: Distributed Multilingual Search Engine With Focus on Arabic Omar Iraqi HOUSSAINI 2004
27 An Integrated System for Remote Tourist Tracking Houda CHAKIRI 2004
25 WES: A J2EE based Wireless E-Shopping System with PDA Hosted Client Mehdi BOUAYAD 2004
22 A WCDMA-Compliant Testbed for the Evaluation of QoS Adaptation in UMTS Amal El BATJI 2004
20 Towards An Arabic Web Page Classifier Mohammed El Mehdi YAHYAOUI 2003
18 Frame Relay / ATM Interworking Abdelhak ELBARAKA 2003
15 A Comparative Study of Pruned Decision Trees and Fuzzy Decision Trees Houda BENBRAHIM 2003
12 An Adaptive Fuzzy Call Admission Controller For Universal Mobile Telecommunicati-on Systems Mohamed Riduan ABID 2003
9 Towards Building H.323-Aware 3G Wireless Systems: Control Loops in H.323-Based Multimedia Networks Kaoutar El MAGHRAOUI 2002
6 A Multi-Agent SearchBot System for Electronic Commerce Asmae MOURHIR 2002
3 A Fuzzy Data Mining System Sidi Ali MAELAININ 2002

Publications Faculty

Al Akhawayn Publications

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New from the Institute for Economic Analysis and Prospective Studies

"Emigration of Skilled Labor under Risk Aversion: The Case of Medical Doctors from Middle Eastern and North African Economies," by Ahmed Driouchi and Molk Kadiri, Munich Research Papers in Economics, 2010.

This is a contribution to the new economics of skilled labor emigration that focuses on the mobility of medical doctors from sending Middle East and North African countries. Economic models under risk neutrality and aversion are used. The findings show that the relative expected benefits and the emigration rate have major effects on the net relative human medical capital that remains in the source country. The effects of relative wages in the destination and sending countries besides the yield of education are likely to change the emigration patterns. Comparisons of theoretical and observed relative human capital per country averages are conducted and ensured the statistical validity of the model. The empirical results based on the available data by Docquier and Marfouk (2006 and 2008) and Bhargava, Docquier and Moullan (2010) allowed further use of the model to understand the current trends in the emigration of medical doctors. These trends confirm the magnitude of relative wages besides the level of education and the attitude toward risk as determinants of the emigration of skilled labor. The countries included in the study are all exhibiting brain gain under 1991-2004 emigration data but two distinct groups of countries are identified. Each country is encouraged to anticipate the likely effects of this emigration on the economy with the increase of health demand, the domestic wages and the increase in education capacity for medical doctors.


Assistant Professor of Communication Bouziane Zaid has just published a new book, "Public Service Television Policy and National Development in Morocco: Contents, Production, and Audiences" (VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, April 2010).

Book description: Like many developing countries, and for many years, Morocco has sought the help of television to disseminate development ideas to its citizens. The Moroccan government has recently given important policy consideration to regulating the use of television and radio airwaves as important outside sources for promoting its development objectives. Zaid's study investigates the extent to which Moroccan public service television meets the challenges of effectively contributing to the development objectives of the nation. It focuses on the two government-owned public service television stations, Al Oula and Soread 2M. The study uses three main methodological areas in critical media studies: content analysis, production analysis, and audience analysis. Addressing these areas helps tackle these research questions from both "sides" of the screen, examining the issues from the perspectives of both the broadcasters and the audience. In the conclusion, the study offers a list of recommendations for the use of television for development.

For more information, visit the book's page on

Al Akhawayn University faculty members Dr. Driss Kettani (ICT4D Lab) and Asmae El Mahdi (Enhanced Technologies) contributed an article on the IDRC-funded eFez project to the Ninth European Conference on eGovernance (ECEG) that took place in London, Westminster University in June, 2009.
The article has subsequently been published under the title “Fez eGovernment Project: An Initiative Transforming Scientific Research to Value in Morocco,” by Kettani Driss and Asmae El Mahdi, in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on e-Government,Hahamis, Panos and Remenyi, Dan, eds., London, Academic Publishing Limited, 2009. ISBN 978-906638-33-7 (Book) and ISBN 978-906638-34-4 (CD-ROM), and available online at

“Chemical Analyses of Pottery and Clays from the Islamic City of al-Basra and Its Hinterland in Northern Morocco,” by Dr. Said Ennahid, Al Akhawayn University School of Humanities and Social Science, with Nancy L. Benco, M. James Blackman, Michael D. Glascock, Hector Neff, and Robert J. Speakman, in Actas del VIII Congreso Interancional de Cerámica Medieval en el Mediterráneo (Ciudad Almagro del 27 de febrero al 3 de marzo de 2006), edited by Juan Zozaya Stabel-Hansen, Manuel Retuerce Velasco, Miguel Ángel Hervás Herrera, and Antonio De Juan García. Asociación Española de Arqueología Medieval, pp. 673-684, Vol. 2, Ciudad Real, 2009.

Abstract: “This article presents the results of chemical analyses of pottery and clays from the early Islamic city of al-Basra (A.D. 800—1100) in northern Morocco and settlements in its hinterland to reconstruct patterns of regional production and exchange. Our research indicates that wheelmade utilitarian storage jars, pitchers, and bowls with the same chemical composition as those produced at al-Basra were found at smaller settlements up to 40 km away. We suggest that al-Basra’s urban potters supplied utilitarian wares to smaller towns and villages in the region through a weekly market system known to have existed during the Islamic period and similar to one that still operates today.”


New papers by Dr. Ahmed Driouchi

The Al Akhawayn University Institute for Economic Analysis and Prospective Studies (IEAPS) announces five new publications. One, written by Ahmed Driouchi and Nada Zouag, both of IAEPS, together with Cristina Boboc of the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, is entitled “Interdependencies of Health, Education and Poverty: The Case of South Mediterranean Economies”  and was published in the journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada (August 2009). Another, also by Ahmed Driouchi and Cristina Boboc, is entitled “Do Better Health and Education Enhance Economic Development?” and was published in the journal Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research (2009).

Another IAEPS paper by Mohammed Abdellaoui, Olivier L’Haridon, and Ahmed Driouchi has just been published in the journal Theory and Decision, entitled “Utility Elicitation: Reconciling Tractability and Bias Minimization,” and is available online at

In addition, the IEAPS has authored two research reports on “The Convergence of the Moroccan Economy & European Union Standards” and “Social Cohesion and Human Development in South Mediterranean Countries” within the framework of the FEMISE (Euro-Mediterranean Forum of Institutes of Economics); both are now available at the IEAPS at Al Akhawayn University.

For details, click here.


A new article on "Africa" by Dr. Jack Kalpakian

Dr. Jack Kalpakian from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences has published a new article on "Africa" in The Ashgate Companion to US Foreign Policy:

For more information check the following website:

Dr. Mohammed Bounejma presented a paper in an international conference at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia on November 3rd

Dr. Mohammed Bounejma presented a paper in an international conference on “Teaching Arabic for Non-native Speakers” at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia on November 3rd.   Dr. Bounejma’s paper is entitled “The Evaluation of Oral Language Proficiency for Non-native Speakers of the Arabic Language based on ACTFL Criteria (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages).”  
For more information please check the following website:


Faculty News

Dr. Driss Maghraoui and Dr. Michael Willis from Oxford University  have recently edited a special volume on Reforms in Morocco with Mediterranean Politics .

The volume can be accessed at:

This volume has just been selected by the Washington based Carnegie Endowment for International Peace as an example of scholarship on the topic of reforms in the Arab World.

For more information check the following website:

New Publication by Dr. Karim Moustaghfir

Dr. Karim Moustaghfir has published a new article in the International Journal of Knowledge Management Research and Practice (Palgrave Macmillan Journals - Vol. 7, N° 4). The article is entitled: "How Knowledge Assets Lead to a Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Are Organizational Capabilities a Missing Link?".

For further information visit the publisher's website:

New Article from AUI-ICT4D LAB

Kettani Driss and Asmae El Mahdi from the ICT4D Lab published a new article entitled:
“Fez eGovernment Project: An Initiative Transforming Scientific Research to Value in Morocco” Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on e-Government – London – 2009 – Print FORMAT, (Ed.) Hahamis, Panos and Remenyi, Dan, pages: 389-397, Academic Publishing Limited, Reading, UK, ISBN 978-906638-33-7Book , available online at :


New Publication:

Dr. Kettani Driss and Asmae El Mahdi from the ICT4D Lab published “Proposition of a Roadmap to ‘eGovernement for Good Governance’ in developing countries”, in the Proceedings of the LOG-IN Africa e-Local Governance 1st International Conference , Cairo, Egypt. Printing Press: Editions Marocaine et Internationale (EMI), Tangier-Morocco 2009.The African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development (CAFRAD) has sent a hardcopy of the proceedings to Mohammed VI Library. A softcopy of the proceedings' Forwards available at:

New Publication by Dr. Marzouk.

Dr. Marzouk has published a book in remote sensing field entitled Time series analysis of environmental ecosystems: case of Morocco. Evidence from NOAA AVHRR satellite data

Abstract: The NOAA AVHRR is considered to be one of the largest image archives ever gathered in the history of remote sensing. Although designed to support meteorological applications, The NOAA AVHRR’s ability to produce an index of relatively green vegetation biomass, coupled with its ability to virtually produce cloud-free monthly composites has now yielded an extraordinary time series more than 20 years in length. This book looks at the potential of the archive as a tool for understanding environmental dynamics in arid and semi-arid regions.

The principal tool used in this investigation was a Principal Components-based time series analysis (TSA). Using a set of 240 monthly composite multi-band AVHRR images for Morocco, a 20-year time series of monthly NDVI images was analyzed
This analysis should help shed some light on this new approach and should be essentially useful to professionals in remote sensing, or to anyone who may be considering utilizing NOAA AVHRR data for environmental dynamics analysis.

New Publication:

Mr. Abdelmounaim Lahrech, assistant professor in SBA, published an article about "The Impacts of US and Canadian Fundamentals on Canadian Stock Market" in the Journal of money, investment, and banking...


This paper examines the influence of US and Canadian macroeconomic
fundamentals on Canadian stock prices allowing for different associations across the US
business cycle. The study uses Johansen’s multivariate cointegration test and vector error correction model (VECM) to examine the long and short-run association. Results show evidence of a long run association between Canadian stock prices, US stock prices and Canadian as well as US fundamentals. Moreover, the paper finds a strong cross-country effect that depends on the stage of US business cycle.

Keywords: Stock market, Business cycle, Cointegration, Vector error correction.
JEL Classifications Codes: F36; G15

The article:

Interdependencies of Health, Education &Poverty with Policy Implications for Southern Mediterranean Countries Research n°FEM32-01  By:Ahmed Driouchi, Institute of Economic Analysis & Prospective Studies(IEAPS), Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco

In collaboration with:

Ahmad Baijou, School of Business Administration, Al Akhawayn
University, Ifrane, Morocco
Cristina Boboc, Laboratoire d’Economie d’Orléans (LEO), Orleans, France
and Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

Mouna Cherkaoui, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
Lahcen Oulhaj, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco

With the contributions of:
Nada Zouag & Amale Achehboune, Institute of Economic Analysis & Prospective Studies (IEAPS) Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco
With the support of:
Jaouad Kerdoudi, IMRI, Casablanca, Morocco

The book is composed of eight chapters. Details about this book and possibilities of download can be obtained at FEMISE (Forum Euroméditerranéen des Instituts de Sciences Economiques) internet address:

Ethanol Production from Olive Cake Biomass Substrate

Abdelghani El Asli 1, and Abdel-Illah Qatibi 2
1 Al Akhawayn University
2 Cadi Ayyad University

Abdelghani El Asli
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The inexpensive production of sugars from lignocellulose is an essential step for the use of biomass to produce fuel ethanol. Olive cake is an abundant by-product of the olive oil industry and represents a potentially significant lignocellulosic source for bioethanol production in the Mediterranean basin. Furthermore, converting olive cake to ethanol could add further value to olive production. In the present study, olive cake was evaluated as a feedstock for ethanol production. To this end, the lignocellulosic component of the olive cake was dilute-acid pretreated at a 13.5% olive-cake loading with 1.75% (w/v) sulfuric acid and heating at 160¡É for 10 min. This was followed by chemical elimination of fermentation inhibitors. Soluble sugars resulting from the pretreatment process were fermented using E. coli FBR5, a strain engineered to selectively produce ethanol. 8.1 g of ethanol/L was obtained from hydrolysates containing 18.1 g of soluble sugars. Increasing the pretreatment temperature to 180¡É resulted in failed fermentations, presumably due to inhibitory by-products released during pretreatment.